Surveyor with Mining
Competency Frameworks

Amalgamated Guidelines Kit

Version Control

Version Author Release Date Change Description
V1.0 SBQ 29th April 2010 Draft Document
V2.0 SBQ 10th June 2010 Draft Document

Document References

Ref Title Document ID Version Owner
[1] Surveyors Act 2003 State of Qld
[2] Competency Frameworks (Overview) SBQ-CF-0100 V1.00 SBQ
[3] Competency Frameworks (Surveying Associate) SBQ-CF-0101 V3.00 SBQ
[4] Competency Frameworks (Surveying Graduate) SBQ-CF-0102 V3.00 SBQ
[5] Competency Frameworks (Consulting Endorsement) SBQ-CF-0104 V1.00 SBQ
[6] Competency Frameworks (Engineering Endorsement) SBQ-CF-0105 V3.00 SBQ
[7] Competency Frameworks (Cadastral Endorsement) SBQ-CF-0106 V3.00 SBQ
[8] Competency Frameworks (Mining Endorsement) SBQ-CF-0108 V3.00 SBQ
[9] National Competency Standards for Professional Surveyors 1996 ISA

Introduction

This document is a compilation from the Competency Framework for registration as a Surveyor with a Mining Endorsement as prescribed under section 39 of the Surveyors Act 2003.

This document is a guide and reference should be made to the relevant competency framework documents, namely SBQ-CF-0103 and SBQ-CF-0108.

Definitions

Unit of Competency (Unit):

A major segment of the overall competency of a profession, typically representing a major function, role or field of activity.

Element of Competency (Element):

A subdivision of a unit of competency into an observable function or activity.

Performance Criteria (Descriptors):

An indicative list of the aspects of professional performance that would be regarded as evidence of competent professional performance in the work place in an element of competency.

With Guidance:

The performance of the descriptor is achieved by the applicant under the direction of a competent supervisor. The applicant need not be able to perform the activity without requesting help in planning and execution.

Under Supervision:

The performance of the descriptor is achieved by the applicant without direct supervision of each step; however the result of the activity cannot be used unless it has been checked by a competent supervisor.

Interpretation of the Framework

The competencies for Surveyors will be demonstrated by experienced professional surveyors practising in any sector of the market.  The competencies are applicable to Surveyors in all fields of surveying.

Surveyors in the public, private or tertiary sectors will be practising as competent professionals demonstrating expertise and professionalism. They will have demonstrated sound technical competence and management skills during their years of professional experience.

Surveyors at this level will accept responsibility for all professional work undertaken within their areas of expertise. However, they must recognise complex or critical situations where

professional guidance is required. Professional Surveyors will be expected to progressively

develop their levels of competency and accept a commensurate increase in professional responsibility.

Competency Requirements for Surveyor

An Applicant will need to demonstrate competency in the following Units:

  • Unit 1: Professional Practice (SBQ-CF-0103)
  • Unit 2: Collection of Data and Information (SBQ-CF-0103)
  • Unit 3: Management of Data and Information (SBQ-CF-0103 & SBQ-CF-0108)
  • Unit 4: Presentation of Information (SBQ-CF-0108)
  • Unit 5: Business Management and Supporting Quality Assurance Programs (SBQ-CF-0103)
  • Unit 6: Communications (SBQ-CF-0108)
  • Unit 7: Spatial Reference Systems and Core Data Bases (SBQ-CF-0103)
  • Unit 9: Controlling the Location of Developments (SBQ-CF-0103 & SBQ-CF-0108)

Competency Table for Surveyor with a Mining Endorsement

Unit 1: Professional Practice

Surveyors will have demonstrated high levels of professionalism during their years of professional experience. They will demonstrate increasing levels of professionalism in all aspects of professional practice and a sound understanding of the profession’s policy on ethics and professional practice.

(SBQ-CF-0103)

Element Descriptors
1.1 Undertake a program of tertiary education Applicants will need to demonstrate that they:i. Have completed a course of study of at least three years fulltime duration acceptable to the Surveyors Board of Queensland or have been previously registered as a Surveyor by the Surveyors Board of Queensland.(SBQ-CF-0103)
1.2 Advance the science of surveying and the image of surveyors Applicants will need to demonstrate that they:i. Conduct themselves in a manner that enhances the profession.ii. Seek appropriate reward through merit and quality of performance.Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:iii. Contribute to promoting surveyors and surveying.iv. Adopt advanced technology to improve service.

(SBQ-CF-0103)

1.3 Fulfil community service obligations Applicants will need to demonstrate that they:i. Can explain why surveyors have professional responsibilities to government and the community.ii. Practice impartiality and objectivity in decision making.iii. Place responsibilities for the welfare and safety of the community above sectional interests.Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:iv. Pursue fair and equitable solutions that rank community interests appropriately with client and personal interests.

v. Participate in community affairs.

vi. Provide specialist expertise to identify unqualified information that could mislead the community.

(SBQ-CF-0103)

1.4 Follow an accepted code of professional conduct and ethics Applicants will need to demonstrate that they:i. Understand and can explain in context the profession’s code of ethics.ii. Apply a high code of personal conduct.iii. Understand and can explain the Surveyors Board of Queensland’s Code of Practice for Surveyors.Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:iv. Carry out professional activities in accordance with the code of ethics.

v. Comply with legal requirements and obligations.

vi. Comply with professional responsibilities.

(SBQ-CF-0103)

1.5 Undertake a program for personal professional development and continuing education Applicants will need to demonstrate that they:i. Attend the profession’s continuing professional development programs.ii. Pursue continuous improvement in performance.iii. Seek out and read literature relevant to surveying practice.(SBQ-CF-0103)
1.6 Understand and apply sustainable development and environmental principles Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Apply the profession’s policy on environmental matters.ii. Identify complex environmental issues encountered in regular practice and seek guidance from qualified specialists.iii. Can explain the likely impact of developments on the life styles, cultures and heritage of all sections of the community.iv. Contribute to the resolution of environmental issues.v. Show how the environment can be protected and sustainable development promoted.

vi. Explain land degradation issues and conservation practices.

(SBQ-CF-0103)

1.7 Accept responsibility for professional activities Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Identify and manage potential risks and liabilities.ii. Understand and explain the likely impacts of work undertaken.Applicants will need to demonstrate that they:iii. Work within the limits of personal skills and expertise and seek professional advice and support for more complex work.(SBQ-CF-0103)
1.8 Accept responsibility for workplace health and safety Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Practice and enforce correct occupational health and safety procedures.ii. Institute and maintain a safe work environment.iii. Develop daily job safety profiles and ensure compliance.(SBQ-CF-0103)

Unit 2: Collection of Data and Information

Surveyors will be competent in collecting data and information that are relevant to their fields of surveying and will be accountable for the outcomes of work personally carried out or carried out under their direct supervision.

(SBQ-CF-0103)

Element Descriptors
2.1 Collect data by measurement Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Use the typical measuring technology available.ii. Collect data by indirect methods.iii. Clarify client needs and expectations.iv. Evaluate the various measurement methods and procedures available for data collection and measurement.v. Assess the effectiveness of the measurement methodology used.

vi. Ensure measurements are legally traceable.

(SBQ-CF-0103)

2.2 Search and acquire existing data Applicants will need to demonstrate that they:Understand and can explain the importance of historical records.Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:ii. Extract required information from relevant geographic and land information records, survey data bases, and general information depositories.iii. Evaluate the integrity and value of stored data and information and assess its relevance to client needs.iv. Transfer data from existing to new data bases.

v. Acquire information in an orderly and systematic manner.

(SBQ-CF-0103)

2.3 Use modern surveying technologies to collect data Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Define coordinates systems likely to be encountered by GNSS users and calculate GNSS coordinates.ii. Discuss the principles of GNSS observations.iii. Make observations using a GNSS receiver.iv. Explain GNSS observations techniques, and calculate and evaluate levels of accuracy associated with GPS observations.v. Identify error sources in GNSS observations, and explain the uses and critical factors of differential GNSS techniques.

vi. Output GNSS observations in existing local co-ordinate systems including ground based systems.

vii. Output terrestrial laser scanner observations in existing local co- ordinate systems.

(SBQ-CF-0103)

Unit 3: Management of Data and Information

A Surveyor with a Mining endorsement will be competent in all aspects of information and data management that are relevant to the mining field of surveying and will be accountable for all work personally carried out or carried out under their direction.

(SBQ-CF-0103 & SBQ-CF-0108)

Element Descriptors
3.1 Process data to accepted standards and for specific requirements Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Determine procedures for verifying base data.ii. Apply the most appropriate technology required to process data.iii. Develop procedures for storing data in appropriate databasesiv. Establish systems for verify the integrity of data.(SBQ-CF-0108)
3.2 Convert data from one system or format to another Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Optimise the operation of databases holding spatial and textual data.ii. Establish procedures to identify and collate data in one system for transfer and integration into other systems.iii. Determine appropriate technology and procedures to convert and transfer data between systems and formats.(SBQ-CF-0108)
3.3 Administer electronic and physical data bases Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Determine procedures for recording, retrieving and updating information.ii. Develop and establish security systems to ensure data integrity.iii. Develop and implement appropriate maintenance systems.(SBQ-CF-0108)
3.4 Analyse, evaluate and interpret data Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Develop procedures for determining the accuracy and reliability of data.ii. Assess client needs and develop systems for data interpretation and evaluation.iii. Identify opportunities for data enhancement.iv. Determine procedures for collating data and relating it to specific areas of interest.(SBQ-CF-0108)
3.5 Process data to create information Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Solve complex problems using appropriate maths processes such as trigonometry and calculus.ii. Apply mathematical models to physical processes.iii. Apply basic statistics to analyse measurements and examine the variation that occurs in properties.iv. Analyse, evaluate and use statistical data.(SBQ-CF-0103)

Unit 4: Presentation of Information

A Surveyor with a Mining endorsement will be competent in presenting all information that is relevant to the field of surveying and will be accountable for the outcomes of work personally carried out or carried out under their direct supervision.

(SBQ-CF-0108)

Element Descriptors
4.1 Assemble data into specific data or information sets Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Clarify and determine client needs.ii. Identify the potential benefits of creating specific information from various data bases.iii. Use technology to assemble data into useful information.(SBQ-CF-0108)
4.2 Compile and produce maps, plans and charts and photographs Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Use the technology available for graphical and photographic presentation.ii. Determine the uses and limitations of data bases.iii. Apply appropriate cartographic principles.iv. Use a computer aided drafting package.v. Identify and use the best methodology to meet client needs.

vi. Prepare mining plans that satisfy the statutory requirements applicable to the mine site.

(SBQ-CF-0108)

4.3 Provide digital spatial information Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Correctly evaluate the accuracy, reliability and potential uses of data.ii. Transfer spatial data files between various formats.iii. Integrate spatial data with other information.iv. Format data to meet client needs.(SBQ-CF-0108)
4.4 Produce models Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Create digital models of physical surfaces.ii. Create model files and attach attribute information.iii. Transfer model files between various formats.(SBQ-CF-0108)
4.5 Formally present information orally to client, government agencies and public forums Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Identify and use appropriate communication and display techniques to present information in a usable manner.ii. Address special interest groups.iii. Conduct seminars and public meetings.iv. Lead and/or contribute to discussion groups.(SBQ-CF-0108)
4.6 Prepare reports Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Prepare detailed technical reports.ii. Prepare information brochures and reports.iii. Prepare business reports on surveying matters.(SBQ-CF-0108)
4.7 Certify data Applicants will need to demonstrate that they:i. Determine the accuracy and reliability of data to be certified.ii. Explain the responsibilities of data certification.Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to :iii. Apply effective validation procedures.iv. Apply effective techniques to manage risk associated with certification.

(SBQ-CF-0108)

4.8 Provide advisory services Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Discuss information with potential users.ii. Decipher information and relate it to specific issues.iii. Collate information and format it into relevant advice.iv. Provide advice on opportunities to add value to existing information.v. Provide sound advice to clients on surveying and mine management matters.

(SBQ-CF-0108)

Unit 5: Business Management and Supporting Quality Assurance Programs

Surveyors will be competent to participate in applying business and management skills under the guidance of experienced professional surveyors. They will be responsible for accurately reporting outcomes of all work personally carried out to senior colleagues.

(SBQ-CF-0103)

Element Descriptors
5.1 Plan, organise, direct and control tasks, people and other resources Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Set work objectives and prioritise activities with guidance.ii. Determine work methods and procedures with guidance.iii. Estimate times, costs and resources with guidance.iv. Compile work schedules and allocating resources with guidance.v. Organise small work teams with guidance.

(SBQ-CF-0103)

5.2 Adopt sound business practices, including economic planning, financial management and compliance with legal requirements Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Estimate the scope and dimensions of a project or task to facilitate the estimation of job costs with guidance.ii. Monitoring running expenses against estimates under supervision.iii. Identify legal requirements and explain the need to meet them.iv. Assess markets and develop marketing plans with guidance.v. Develop and apply risk management programs with guidance.

vi. Prepare business plans with guidance.

vii. Improve customer service.

(SBQ-CF-0103)

5.3 Manage human resources Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Apply an effective staff relations program with guidance.ii. Comply with occupational health and safety requirements.iii. Comply with equal opportunity, equity and anti-discrimination principles.(SBQ-CF-0103)
5.4 Train and develop subordinates in the work place Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Direct training programs under supervision(SBQ-CF-0103)
5.5 Apply project management principles Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Explain the principles of project management.ii. Apply project management techniques in work activities.iii. Plan, control and monitor projects under supervision.(SBQ-CF-0103)
5.6 Apply self management principles Applicants will need to demonstrate that they:i. Identify and undertake appropriate continuing professional development activities.ii. Can explain the need for effective time management.Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:iii. Apply sound management techniques.(SBQ-CF-0103)
5.7 Apply quality assurance principles Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Implement quality assurance programs with guidance.ii. Comply with an accepted quality assurance program.iii. Perform internal auditing programs with guidance.iv. Rectify non-compliance with quality standards.v. Suggest improvements to quality assurance processes.

(SBQ-CF-0103)

5.8 Implement projects Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Prepare specifications and contracts under supervision.ii. Assess tenders and let of contracts under supervision.iii. Supervising contracts with guidance.iv. Manage and programme development projects under supervision.(SBQ-CF-0103)

Unit 6: Communications

Surveyors with a mining endorsement will be effective communicators who successfully communicate to colleagues, subordinates and customers on all matters relating to their surveying activities in a professional manner. They must have the skills to be able to be responsible for any personal communications that reflect on the responsibilities and integrity of the business enterprise.

(SBQ-CF-0108)

Element Descriptors
6.1 Communicate effectively Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Communicate effectively, orally and in writing.ii. Compile, interpret and present information under supervision.iii. Interpreting briefs and instructions with guidance.iv. Issue clear, accurate instructions to subordinates.v. Exchange data and information through electronic communications with guidance.

(SBQ-CF-0108)

6.2 Present, promote, report on and advocate ideas on surveying and allied areas of practice Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Prepare and present technical reports under supervision.ii. Prepare position and discussion papers on surveying and allied topics for publication under supervision.iii. Present papers at seminars and public meetings.(SBQ-CF-0108)
6.3 Prepare and comprehend surveying documents Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Prepare and interpret surveying reports with guidance.ii. Prepare specifications and standards with guidance.iii. Prepare submissions and cost estimates with guidance.iv. Prepare documents defining work procedures and processes with guidance.v. Prepare documents of measurement technology and data acquisition with guidance.

(SBQ-CF-0108)

6.4 Comprehend, report on and discuss relevant legal matters Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Operate in accordance with government Acts, Regulations or instructions.ii. Contribute to discussions on legal matters pertaining to land and land information with clients, colleagues and other professionals.iii. Prepare advice for clients on legal requirements relating to land development under supervision.iv. Prepare advice for clients on land rights, land tenure disputes, and rights of entry and occupation under supervision.v. Prepare advice for clients on legislation pertaining to planning, development and environment issues under supervision.

vi. Advise clients on responsibilities and liabilities pertaining to spatial information under supervision.

(SBQ-CF-0108)

6.5 Collaborate with colleagues and other interested parties Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Discuss with other stakeholders on development projects under supervision.ii. Represent the concerns of clients and/or special interest groups to government, authorities and other stakeholders with guidance.iii. Negotiate solutions to common problems with other parties under supervision.iv. Preparing advice and information on surveying, Geomatics, and land developments under supervision.(SBQ-CF-0108)
6.6 Use professional expertise to contribute to the processes that shape society Applicants will need to demonstrate that they:i. Can explain the need for orderly management and administration of mining resources.Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:ii. Identify opportunities to utilise surveying for the benefit of society.(SBQ-CF-0108)

Unit 7: Spatial Reference Systems and Core Data Bases

Surveyors will be competent to contribute to designing, establishing and maintaining spatial reference systems; maintaining core data bases; and determining spatial relationships within land and geographic information systems. They will be accountable for the outcomes of work personally carried out or carried out under their direct supervision.

(SBQ-CF-0103)

Element Descriptors
7.1 Use geodetic reference systems Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Describe the geodetic relationships and elements of geometry of the size and shape of the earth.ii. Illustrate the relationships between ellipsoids, geoids, gravity and vertical datums.iii. Explain the construction properties and uses of the UTM map projection and identify its fundamental elements.(SBQ-CF-0103)
7.2 Establish subsidiary networks Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Carry out or supervise the work required in establishing subsidiary network control datums.ii. Supervise the placement of appropriate reference marks in suitable locations.iii. Analyse spatial data pertaining to the subsidiary network.iv. Evaluate and adjust created spatial data.v. Record network information in appropriate data files.

vi. Mathematically adjust survey networks by the method of least squares, using both manual methods and computer software packages.

vii. Analyse and critically evaluate the adjustment.

(SBQ-CF-0103)

7.3 Integrate spatial reference systems with fundamental physical and cultural data and manage core databases Applicants will need to demonstrate that they:i. Understand and can explain the logical structure of data bases.Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:ii. Collate, update and maintain core data bases pertinent to topographic data, administrative boundaries, transport corridors, infrastructure and geographic information.iii. Create new asset bases and integrate them with core data bases.iv. Verify the integrity of data in data bases.

(SBQ-CF-0103)

7.4 Accredit spatial data standards Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Contribute to the standards required for data created for specific purposes.ii. Contribute to developing standard procedures for acquiring and storing spatial data.iii. Contribute to developing procedures for testing and validating the integrity of spatial data.(SBQ-CF-0103)
7.5 Maintain and manage core data bases Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Review and maintain existing data.ii. Interpret data for potential users.(SBQ-CF-0103)
7.6 Perform geodetic calculations Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to :i. Define the elements of geometry of the ellipsoid and the geoid that are relevant to geodetic surveying.ii. Reduce measured angles and distances, manually and with appropriate software, to a form suitable for use in geodetic calculations.iii. Perform geodetic calculations of traverses and intersections using geographic coordinates.iv. Perform geodetic calculations of traverses and intersections using UTM grid coordinates.(SBQ-CF-0103)
7.7 Transform co- ordinates Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Explain the coordinate transformation process.ii. Transform three dimensional coordinates between systems and between datums, with the aid of suitable software, to the required level of accuracy.(SBQ-CF-0103)
7.8 Make precise observations Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to :i. Identify the sources of errors in precise angle observations and the techniques used to minimise their effects.ii. Identify the effects of curvature and refraction on levelling and apply this knowledge to trigonometrical levelling.iii. Identify the equipment and methods used in precise levelling and of the sources of error and the techniques to minimise their effects.iv. Use statistics to analyse geodetic observations, values and positional results.(SBQ-CF-0103)

Unit 9: Controlling the Location of Developments

A Surveyor with a Mining endorsement will be competent in the surveying required to control the location and quality of mining developments including the measurement of ore and earthworks; the installation of machines, structures or equipment at mine sites; and the extraction of materials. They will be accountable for the outcomes of work personally carried out or carried out under their supervision and control.

(SBQ-CF-0108)

Element Descriptors
9.1 Control and locate engineering works, development projects, and the building or installation of structures and machines Applicants will need to demonstrate that they:i. Can explain the roles of other professionals, technicians, and trades persons.Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Read, interpret and understand detailed design and construction plans.ii. Establish appropriate reference systems.iii. Select and use the appropriate technology for site operations.

iv. Set out works.

v. Communicate results to client, construction staff and other consultants.

vi. Use adequate redundant measurements to validate data.

(SBQ-CF-0108)

9.2 Control and measure the extraction of minerals and other materials Applicants will need to demonstrate that they:i. Can explain a variety of mining and extraction processes.ii. Can explain the measuring and monitoring outcomes needed for the safe, cost effective extraction of materials.iii. Can explain the roles of other professionals, technicians, and trades persons.Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:iv. Establish appropriate reference systems.

v. Select and use the appropriate technology for site operations.

vi. Establish effective reporting systems.

vii. Undertake the preparation of regular reports.

viii. Undertake the preparation of “Mine” plans suitable for lodgement.

ix. Understand and implement appropriate risk assessment techniques.

x. Develop and apply Workplace Health and Safety procedures as required for surveying operations at each mine site or task.

(SBQ-CF-0108)

9.3 Establish quality control systems Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Determine client needs and required accuracies.ii. Apply appropriate technology.iii. Detail methods and procedures.iv. Implement measuring and monitoring programs.v. Implement effective reporting procedures.

(SBQ-CF-0108)

9.4 Monitor the position, shape and size of structures, land forms and sea beds Applicants will need to demonstrate that they:i. Can explain the roles of other professionals, technicians and trades persons.ii. Explain the basic principles, theory and accuracy of various aerial and terrestrial photogrammetric, and remote sensing methods.Applicants will need to demonstrate that they are able to:i. Read and understand mine design and detail plans, and applies the required accuracies.ii. Establish appropriate reference systems.

iii. Apply appropriate technology.

iv. Implement effective reporting systems.

v. Establish procedures to validate results.

vi. Judge the applicability of photogrammetric and remote sensing methods to mapping and engineering projects.

(SBQ-CF-0108)